21 April, 2021
República de Guinea Ecuatorial

Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Artisanal Promotion
República de Guinea Ecuatorial

Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Artisanal Promotion

The Equatoguinean society is made up of six ethnocultural groups, including the Fang, the Bubis, the Annoboneses, the Ndowes and the Molingues:


 It is considered the most important people of Equatorial Guinea from the demographic point of view, whose interior up to a few kilometers of the sea, occupy in its totality. In addition to this country, are also found in Cameroon, Gabon, Central Africa, and Congo. The Fang in Equatorial Guinea are divided according to phonetics into ocag and Ntumu.

The Fang people are constituted and live in tribes, forming the tribe an extended family, because all persons of the same tribe are, for all purposes related to each other, and to any degree consanguineous. Members of the same tribe cannot marry.


Among the multiple varieties of folkloric dancers of the Fang ethnic group we can mention:

THE ENDONDOM; the people fang very given to the war, practiced the dance endondom, not so much as dance, but as a set of movements that contain stealth, elusive, aim, acrobatics, vigilance, agility, aspects that practiced in the war, with the handling of the shield and spear. It is a dance for the manifestation and the warrior practice. It was a typical dance for men with the time the women were incorporated, nowadays it is already danced only for women becoming already Mecom.

THE NDOMBÁ; it is a dance danced only in celebrations of deaths, never in the celebrations of happiness, marriage, baptism etc. To date, Ndombá’s apprenticeship as a dancer has not been known or seen.

MENDJANG O SILOFONO; Although Ndombá uses the tomb and drums, its rhythm is of clairvoyant aspect of which it was not appreciated, as the one who says melodies, true harmony, is the very opposite in mendjang or xylophones. It can be said that mendjang is the fang musical production that contains true art, both in the making, construction or composition of the instrument and in the melodies that are taken from it.

THE NVET OYENG; it is practically not a dance, that is to say, its importance is not in the movement of the dance, but in the singing and in the stories narrated by the troubadour who plays the instrument of the nvetoyeng. It is played only in the death of a man.

  • Corn husked soup (esuc-fon))
  • Cooked corn paste wrapped in leaves (bomo-a-fon)
  • Grains of corn, fire-dried and pulverized (avuc-fun)
  • Mixture of corn paste with peanut paste (ebafono-a-fon)
  • Ground corn purée ( nkpwet-e-fon)
  • Peanut paste corn grain soup (sa-e-fon)
  • The following dishes are made with peanuts:
  • Roasted peanut kernels (bitole-be-owono)
  • Very light peanut soup (nfiang-owono)
  • Roasted or unroasted peanut paste (ebas-owono)
  • Peanut soup thicker than nfinag (longing -owono)
  • Peanut paste wrapped in leaves ( ncot-owono)
  • Peanut paste with yucca leaves ( osura-mendjaga)
  • Mixture of peanut and corn paste (eba-fono)

However, the basic foods of the Fang people are classified into basic foods such as:

  •  The peanut (owono)
  •  Chocolate ( ndóc)
  •  Pumpkin (ngoan)
  •  Vegetables ( bilog)

The foods considered secondary, are those of accompaniment to way of bread between the westerners as:

Cassava, banana, yam, malanga and banana.


Etymologically the word ndowe means us united or grasped. The Ndowe people know and respect the tribe that they consider to be an extended family, that is, for the Ndowe, all persons of the same tribe are considered and treated as a family, so that the marriage of people of the same tribe is prohibited.


In addition to the various foods that make up the rich gastronomy ndowé, there were several in antiquity that are not very in the mouth today, among its gastronomy we can cite:

KODJE; taken from the palm tree of oil once felled and taken out the edible part of the trunk, next to the branches.

d) Barecamuale; which includes only the ureka area.


The Bubi people attach great importance to agriculture, hunting and fishing, as they constitute for their community the three fundamental activities on the land. That is why they attach more importance to the spirit called moabioco, the spirit of the land or of agriculture, because for them, the one who commanded agriculture commanded the greatest activity in the world; this is why it is the feast of yams.

This is how the main agricultural foods of the bubi people are made:

The yam; in its wide range of varieties

La malanga bubi (bijem)

Matoha, species of aerial tuber, produced by a tangled.

A great variety of vegetables and wild fruits.


Like the other ethnocultural groups of Equatorial Guinea, the bubi people had their manifestations in the dances, with songs and games. Among the dances we distinguish:

a) The buleló; in funerary celebrations, the bubi cuts and uses a hollowed trunk, which is used for a season, to touch and dance, especially the young population. This hollowed trunk is called buleló.

b) The kunke; it is a big drum, with long legs and of great sonority, whose rhythms, the bubi used in its manifestations of happiness and celebrations, many times funerary.

c) The kobo; it is a dry cow skin called kobo, with which wearing one and managed as a shield by another, the congregated community tries to touch and hit.


The Annobonese are the inhabitants of the island of Annobon, and their vernacular language is Fadambo. The Annobonese after living a long time as slaves, realized the advantages of freedom and did not allow their loss. Then they worried about the appropriation of the territory of the island, starting with the organization and implementation of a proper Annobonese culture, based on their traditional values.


The dance known by all the annobones people in all the times of their existence, is the cumbe. The cumbe is named after its most important elaborate instrument, and on which the player sits to bring out their danceable songs.

With the song, the bubi man is minimally encouraged and momentarily forgets about his disadvantageous state. In Annobonés he sings to the beloved woman, the family, the sea and the fish; he expresses desire and anxiety in the song.


 Among the typical dishes of the Annobonese people we can mention:

  • The Pisó
  • Fuludum


The Bisios have been considered as part of the Ndowé people, but these seem to be due to simple appreciations caused by the eternal closeness of the two villages, in addition to other factors of historical and geographical character.

The Bisios are called mabea by the ndowés; mecuc by the fang; later the colonist called it bujeba.


In order to obtain food, Bisio practises agriculture, fishing and hunting. In agriculture, he only grows yucca and malanga, white yam and yellow yam. The ways of consuming cassava are:

The cooked tuber

Fermented yucca, ground and wrapped in leaves

The cooked yucca, cut into small pieces and put in water for a slight fermentation if you reach putrefaction.

Malanga puree


Dance in the Bisio people is a kind of expression and manifestation of moods, mainly of joy.

The main ancestral dances of the Bisio people are;

Nzanga, is the popular dance of Bisio, practiced by women forming a row, whose main instruments are a high drum and another low.

Namalingui is a dance based on characterization involving the dancer or dancers with leaves and ruedos like the current mamarrachos, accompanied by the community, dancing and singing running streets.


Among the most prominent games for the bubis we can cite:

Massiong; it is an organized game, srio cono capacity to organize serious competitions. It was the wrestling between men and women.

Namuinui; they are two sides, each one of which took one of its components to the center of the ring.