21 April, 2021
República de Guinea Ecuatorial

Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Artisanal Promotion
República de Guinea Ecuatorial

Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Artisanal Promotion


The official languages are Spanish in the first place; French in the second and Portuguese in the third, recently incorporated language. Equatorial Guinea is the first independent country where Spanish and French are official languages at the same time. The same relationship between Spanish and Portuguese, and also between French and Portuguese.

The indigenous languages are: Bubi, Fang, Annobonese, Balengue, Bisio and Ndowe.

1. The Fang or Pamue language is a Central African language spoken by the Fang peoples. It is a Bantu family language and is spoken in Equatorial Guinea, northern Gabon, and southern Cameroon and to a lesser extent in the Republic of Congo and Sao Tome and Principe. In 1993, there were an estimated 858,000 speakers and in 2007 the figure exceeded one million (1.027.900).

Fang people’s staple foods are classified into staple foods such as:

The peanut (owono)

Chocolate ( ndóc)

Pumpkin (ngoan)

Vegetables ( bilog)

2. The bohobé or bubi language is spoken by the bubi ethnic group on the island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea. It has approximately 40,000 speakers, with three variants: North, South and Center-East. Phylogenetically it is a Bantu language that conserves nuclear archaisms of the Niger-Congo stock, before its ramification, so it is considered to be one of the oldest in Africa, has a tonal character and stands out for the divergence of words according to gender.

This is the main agricultural food of the bubi people:

Yam; in its wide range of varieties

The bubi malanga (bijem)

Matoha, species of aerial tuber, produced by a tangled.

A great variety of vegetables and wild fruits

3. The Fa d’Ambu, annabonense, annobonense or annobonés (also called Fá d’Ambô and Falar de Ano Bom) is a Portuguese Creole spoken on the island of Annobón, Equatorial Guinea. It is estimated that there are nine thousand speakers of this dialect.

Among the typical dishes of the Annobonese people we can mention:

The Piso

Fuludum

4. The Benga language, also called boumba or ndowe is an African language within the group of Bantu languages. Spoken in coastal areas of the continental region of Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.

In addition to the various foods that make up the rich gastronomy ndowé, there were several in antiquity that are not very in the mouth today, among its gastronomy we can cite:

KODJE; taken from the palm tree of oil once felled and taken out the edible part of the trunk, next to the branches.

MAVINA NA METONGO; it is a variety of malamba very different from the common one.

5. The Balengue, Molengue or Lengue language is a language spoken by the Balengues, in the south of Equatorial Guinea. It is a minority language. It is classified, at least partially, in the Bantu family. According to Ethnologue, it would be included in subgroup B of the northwestern Bantu. Echegaray specifically includes it in the Sheke group, relating it to the Itemu language and the Nviko language.

6. Kwasio, bissio or bujeba is spoken by 8500 people in 1982. It is spoken in the coastal region of Rio Muni but not on the coastline that is occupied by the “beachers” or ndowé. It is a Bantu language of the geographical area A (in the classification of Guthrie).

In order to obtain food, Bissio practices agriculture, some fishing and hunting. In agriculture, it only grows cassava and malanga, white yam and yellow yam. The ways of consuming cassava are:

The cooked tuber

Fermented yucca, ground and wrapped in leaves

The cooked yucca, cut into small pieces and put in water for a slight fermentation if you reach putrefaction.

Malanga puree